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Top- and bottom-emission-enhanced electroluminescence of ...
The bottom-emission enhancement of the deep-UV LEDs was then optimised using Al NPs deposited at a 75° angle; a maximum 5.1-fold bottom-emission EL enhancement at a wavelength of 287 nm was achieved.
Bottom-emission organic light-emitting diodes using ...
Bottom-emission organic light-emitting diodes using semitransparent anode electrode by O 2 plasma. ... The green bottom-emission OLEDs show a luminance of 14,280 ... OLEDs with a large emission area require a low sheet resistivity of the transparent anode which is similar to the conductivity of the cathode.
Bottom and top emission OLED pixel structure - AU Optronics
A bottom and top emission OLED structure includes: first and second anodes; first and second organic light-emitting layers disposed between the first and second anodes. A first electrode may be dispos ... The bottom emission OLED pixel structure 120 shown in FIG. 1A, ... FIG. 3A is a cross-sectional view of a bottom and top emission ...
OLED - Wikipedia
Bottom or top emission Bottom or top distinction refers not to orientation of the OLED display, but to the direction that emitted light exits the device. OLED devices are classified as bottom emission devices if light emitted passes through the transparent or semi-transparent bottom electrode and substrate on which the panel was manufactured.
US7250728B2 - Bottom and top emission OLED pixel structure ...
A bottom and top emission OLED structure includes: first and second anodes; first and second organic light-emitting layers disposed between the first and second anodes. A first electrode may be disposed between the first and second organic light-emitting layers or first and second electrically isolated electrodes may be disposed between the first and second organic light-emitting layers.
Top-Down and Bottom-Up Approaches to Greenhouse Gas ...
Top-Down and Bottom-Up Approaches to Greenhouse Gas Inventory Methods A Comparison Between National- and Forest-Scale Reporting Methods ... from person to person, and over time. Thus, managers using bottom-up results to assess GHG emissions must assess the overall quality of data whether evaluating short timeframes or longer term trends. The ...
Emission Inspections - dmv.pa.gov
Emissions Inspection Program. Pennsylvania’s emissions inspection program was customized to meet specific regional air-quality issues and improvement goals while focusing on customer convenience.
Carbon Balance: The Top-Down and Bottom-Up Emissions ...
Carbon Balance: The Top-Down and Bottom-Up Emissions Accounting Methodologies. Carlos Feu Alvim, Frida Eidelman e Omar Campos Ferreira. Introduction . The Economy and Energy Organization has carried out together with the Ministry of Science and Technology a study on the carbon balance of energy use and transformation.
An ZnMgO:PVP inorganic–organic hybrid electron transport ...
The developed ZnMgO:PVP composite, with improved compactness, tunable conductivity and reduced quenching sites, could be the ideal ETL for efficient bottom-emission and transparent QLEDs. You have access to this article
Top Emission OLED : 네이버 블로그 - blog.naver.com
따라서 Bottom Emission 구조에서 사용하는 Metal Cap이나 Desiccant 등은 적용하기 어렵다. Metal Cap의 경우는 Glass Cap으로 대체할 수 있고 이는 Bottom 구조에서도 많이 연구, 적용되고 있으므로 큰 어려움은 없으나 Desiccant의 개발은 미진한 실정이다.